THE NATIONAL SOCIETY OF MASTER THATCHERS - Not official
LINKS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Terminology...

Apron

Single sided section of ridge to protect thatch under chimney or window


Arris

Rail - see 'Tilt'


Baby

(Long Straw) - see 'Roller'


Back Filling

Laid above battens and under main thatch, used to adjust the tilt of reed or straw


Band / Bond

Twist of straw, reed withy or bramble used to tie a bundle of thatch to roof


Barge

See 'Gable'


Barge Board

Solid board used as an alternative to turned gable


Batting / Bolting

Bundle of tied, threshed straw


Biddle

Working platform hooked into thatch


Binder

See 'Rod' and 'Sway'


Binder

Reaper for cutting standing corn


Bolder Reed

Norfolk Reed bundle containing mostly bullrush


Bottle

Tied yelm of straw for setting eave of gable


Box Gutter

Leaded gutter formed behind chimney


Brotch / Broach

See 'Spar'


Brow

The course after the eaves course


Bunch

Bundle of water reed 2' circumference, 1' above butt, usually at the tie


Butt

Thicker end of a bundle of reed or straw


Butting

Arranging the ends of the reed by dropping bundles or nitches onto board


Cheek

Side of window


Chimney Block

See 'Apron'


Coat

Layer of entire thatch


Cock Up / Cockscomb

Topmost bundle of straw turned to shed water back onto the ridge


Continental Bundle

Imported bundle of water reed 1m around circumference or butt, usually
tied twice


Compty

Substandard materials or thatch


Combed Wheat Reed

Straw which has had the corn leaf and weed removed - varieties include Aquilla, Marris Wiggen and Marris Huntsman


Course

Layer of reed or straw laid across the roof


Crook

See 'Iron'


Dolly

See 'Roller' and 'Bottle'


Dressing

Pushing reed into final position


Drift

See 'Legget'


Dutchman

Type of Legget originating from the Netherlands


Eave

First course of thatch


Fathom

Six bundles of water reed


Flue

See 'Gable'


Fargle

A goodly handful of steel sways


Feather

Seed head on water reed


Flag

Leaf on straw


Fleaking

A weave of water reed laid over the rafters instead of timber battens


Gable End

The overhang of thatch at a gable of the roof


Gadd

Cut length of hazel between 1" and 3" in diameter


Gaddule

Bundle of gadds


Hazel

Corylus Aveliana (L) - used for spars, sways and rods - said to be hardier
than withy


Hook

See 'Iron'


Iron

Thatching nail used to fix sway to rafter, trapping thatch


Knuckle

Handful of straw, bent double


Ladder

types Pole. Push-up and Hanger


Legget

Tool that grips the ends of the reeds and pushes them into position


Ligger

See 'Rod'


Long Straw

Straw thrashed but not combed. Varieties of wheat : Little Josh, Red
Standard, Square Headed Master


Net

¾" galvanised wire or ¾" polythene used to protect thatch from bird
damage


Needle

Used to stich on the thatch


Nitch

Bundle of combed reed of weight 28lb or 14lb


Northampton Roll

Rolled and rodded gable end


Peg

See 'Spar'


Pinacle

Topmost bundle of ridging material used to shed water back onto the ridge


Pricker

Length of gadd about a yard long, used to fix sways on rick thatches


Ridge

Covering of supple straw or sedge grass, laid along apex of roof to bind and protect the main thatch. Types include wrap-over, butt up, flush, straight cut and patterned. Patterns include dragons' teeth, diamond, scalloped, clubbed, herring-bone and crossed.


Reeding Pin

See 'Spragger'


Roller

Continuous parallel bundle of thatch used to build up ridge.


Rod

Hazel or withy, used to hold down thatch on the surface. Types include split, unsplit, apex, kettle and muff.


Rutland Cap

Peaked end at gable


Rye

Type of soft straw used for thatching


Sedge

Marsh Grass (Cladius Mariscus) used for ridging


Server

Skilled labourer


Set

See 'Tilt'


Sheaf

Bundle of unthrashed straw - 8 sheaves make a stook, 16 make a stock


Slapping

First course of ridge


Skirt

See 'Slapping'


Spar

A split length of hazel or withy, pointed and twisted to form a staple


Spit

See 'Spar'


Spot Board

Board for 'butting up' of reed bundles


Spragger

Pointed length of steel used to temporarily hold materials


Springing

See ' Tilt'


Stalch

A strip of thatch worked from eave to ridge


Standing Crop

The thatching materials whilst growing


Stool

Clump of Hazel


Straw

All types of straw which may be used to thatch - wheat straw is considered
most suitable


Sway

Steel or hazel rod used with irons to secure thatch


Thrashing

Method of removing grain from straw


Tilt

The angle formed by tightening the sway between the top and the butt of
the reed


Tilting Fillet

A 'V' section of timber fixed to the rafter to set the tilt


Twisle

A crank for twisting straw for grass bonds


Verge

See 'Barge'


Wadd

See 'Bottle'


Wand

Length of unsplit willow or hazel, less than 1" diam


Water Reed

Phragmites Communis obtained traditionally from East Anglia now
additionally from European countries


Wimble

See 'Twisle'


Withy

Willow used for rods and sways - it is said to be less prone to woodworm -
varieties include Black bar, Dicky Medoes, Swallow tail and Whissender


Yelm

Drawn and wet straw ready for laying

Address: National Society of Master Thatchers Limited
c/o Messrs Wheelers
Vale House
Wharf Road
Ash Vale
Surrey
GU12 5AR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Richard Levett, NSMT (National Society of Master Thatcher's Ltd), the logo and content are
all trademarks of The National Society of Master Thatchers Ltd. Copyright 2015.